[Zafarnama [BOOK] Free Read online PDF Author Guru Gobind Singh



10 thoughts on “Zafarnama

  1. says:

    When all has been tried yetJustice is not in sightIt is then right to pick up the swordIt is then right to fightچوں کار از ہمہ حیلتے در گزشتحلال است بردن بہ شمشیر دستTHE MILIEUThe Sikh comm

  2. says:

    One of the best books I read on spirituality This book exhibits valor and spirituality of the Tenth Guru Guru Gobind Singh I really liked the following couplets;16thHuma ra kase saaye aayad bazerBar o dast darad na zaag e dalerThe one touched by Huma's sacred bird shadow and taken under its wingsIs beyond harm from clever crows their designs mean nothing 22nd probably the most famousChun kar az hameh beelate dar guzashthalal ast budanbi sh

  3. says:

    A multiplicity of factors make this book precious to me yes precious The store it in a lock and key kind of precious So let's start this review with why I will not lend you this book even if you are my soul mate It's a first day first edition I was the first person to buy it minutes after its release from a book store in Chandigarh

  4. says:

    Whats crude and most convenient way to approach an ideology is to of course have an absolute faith in its pioneers So much so that its rather common medium to bestow them with sainthood or even God’s title I won’t debate here about irony of us humans judging such titles and whether they even mean something towards any positive construct in the endThe uestion is rather about humanity the will to overcome struggle turmoil and

  5. says:

    Wonderful book I loved the brief history of Sikh gurus that precedes the actual translation of the verses It gave a solid context within which to read the versesI loved the fact that the transliteration of the Persian verses is provided but I do not think it is accurate Eg I'd think itibar should be itibaar but then I don

  6. says:

    I must say every historical account you're going to read has to have two views a bad one and a good one Aurangzeb though to date remains my favourite of all Mughal Emperors but obviously one cannot deny the brutal realities of life po

  7. says:

    The Sikh faith led by Guru Gobind Singh Ji in 1666 to 1708 was faced with attacks from all angles Whilst the Sikh faith w

  8. says:

    I was surprised by the book for two reasons One I didn't know that the 10th guru of Sikhs Guru Gobind Singh ji wrote such exuisite poetry in Persian Reading Zafarnama is a revelation The spiritual message it imparts is valid even today long after it was written Second I didn't know anything about Sikh history and the context in w

  9. says:

    Wanted lessons from this book Its of course and amazing read but since ZAFARNAMA was written in Persian and this is only a translation wanted explanation of it as well The little history of Sikh Gurus in the beginning was very refreshing to read yet again Otherwise ZAFARNAMA always gives you goosebumps to write something of this sort to historically the most tyrannous autocrat of the world Aurangzeb is just amazing to

  10. says:

    The book details the letter that Guru Gobind Singh wrote to the Mughal king Aurangzeb Written in chaste Persian the translation to english is fairly true and it makes you feel wowed by the usage of words and the context on the Zafarnama

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CHARACTERS È MZINES.CO.UK ✓ Guru Gobind Singh

Tenth Sikh Guru and addressed to the Mughal emperor AurangzebIn this brilliant new translation Navtej Sarna brings to life the val. Wonderful book I loved the brief history of Sikh gurus that precedes the actual translation of the verses It gave a solid context within which to read the versesI loved the fact that the transliteration of the Persian verses is provided but I do not think it is accurate Eg I d think itibar should be itibaar but then I don t know any Persian and maybe I m confusing the words with similar sounding words in UrduI also agree with other commentators that in some cases the translation seems to have been forced into rhymes where a literal translation might have provided a better understanding of the verseWhat also struck me is that fact that even in those medieval days the level of communication and statesmanship was at such high levels The fact that the Guru in the face of murderous attacks and the death of his four sons could write to his enemy Aurangzeb in the enemy s language to boot in such poetic verse just blew my mind In this day and age of Internet trolls where even the most trivial of debates end in ad hominem attacks that is a uality that seems almost divine

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Zafarnama

Iant voice of Guru Gobind Singh and the power of his poetic genius in a passionate disavowal of tyranny that remains ever relevant. The Sikh faith led by Guru Gobind Singh Ji in 1666 to 1708 was faced with attacks from all angles Whilst the Sikh faith was growing in peace love and harmony in Punjab India they were endangered to oppression On one hand the Sikhs faced huge criticism by the Hindu leaders for their principles which challenged the caste system that segregated communities within the same faith and also rejected the acceptance of idolatry worship which was and still is practiced as part of the Hindu faith today As the Sikhs grew and became continually stronger in warriorship and spirituality the Rajput rajas of the surrounding hills watched and planned their intermittent attacks on the Sikhs The attacks were handled and dealt with relative ease by the Sikh warriors On the other hand the Sikhs having to stand up to injustice and fight off oppression becoming a force of solidarity and spiritual warriorship The relationship between the Sikhs and the Mughal Emperor was hindered severely before when Aurungzeb had ordered to behead Guru Tegh Bahadur 9th Guru of the Sikhs the father of Guru Gobind Singh Ji in 1675 for refusing to convert to IslamAfter the hill rajas multiple failed attempts to restrain Guru Gobind Singh Ji It was at this point where the hill rajas then travelled to Delhi and vented their jealousy and came to crave the support and protection of the government The hill rajas pleaded to the government for a uick and abrupt order to act right away as any delay would result in the Guru s army to expedite your empire In response to their plea Aurungzeb dispatched two Mughal commanders Pundit Khan and Din Beg to deal with the Sikhs Pundit Khan was killed in a single battle by Guru Gobind Singh and the hill rajas fled the battlefield only to regroup and lay siege to Anandpur Shaib Aurungzeb the then governing Emperor felt uneasy and threatened by the control that Guru Gobind Singh Ji set out for the followers of the Sikh faith In 1704 the largest ever combined force had been put together of both Mughals and the hill rajas They had stopped food and water supplies to Anandpur Sahib where the Sikhs were staying The Mughal Emperor Aurungzeb sent a message to Guru Gobind Singh in the form of an oath sworn on the uran which promised him safety of him and his family if only he would surrender peacefully Faced with the constant detrimental conditions starvation of his community Guru Gobind Singh agreed The promise was broken almost instantly and Aurangzeb ordered attacks to the land of Anandpur Shaib where there was battles consisting over a couple of days In these raging wars Guru Gobind Singh s four sons were killed and his mother died out of shock and many Sikhs were taken to the sword and died to uphold their Sikh faithGuru Gobind Singh Ji fought his way to safety and a year later received a peace making message from Aurungzeb which reuested to end the troubles in return for safety and friendship Here the Guru replied with the Zafarnama which was to stand firm to his adamant will and unconuerable spirit ZafarnamaThe Zafarnama is a letter originally composed and written in fine Persian verses by Guru Gobind Singh ji the tenth Sikh Guru The Zafarnam is addressed to Aurangzeb who was the then Mughal Emperor of India and after many brutal and extreme battles between his army and the Sikh warriors Aurangzeb demonstrated to be a tyrannical and oppressive ruler Aurangzeb and his generals broke their oaths on the uran in the attempt to wrongly defeat Guru Gobind Singh s army and kill his family to eradicate the existence and fruitful continuation of the Sikh faith Guru Gobind Singh Ji experienced the greatest deal of tragedy loss and pain in the wars of succession One who was wronged betrayed and oppressed by Aurungzeb who had barbarically killed his family In such times Guru Gobind Singh showed such euanimity towards Aurungzeb in his poetically scripted letter It is indeed remarkable as it is moving for one to experience the atrocities inflicted upon him and yet still remain mentally physically and spiritually composed showing no bitterness hate or frustration to the opposition In verses 13 and 14 the Guru declares from this point onwards he absolutely has no trust in what the Emperor utters out of his mouth I have no faith at all In the oath that you swear That the God Who is One Your witness does bear Not a jot of trust Do I now have in you Whose generals and ministers Are all liars untrue And later in verse 18 In your false oath on the uran Had I not believed My brave army wouldn t be crippled Nor in such manner deceivedNavtej Sarna has done a very good job here in the efforts to translate the letter from Persian to English however I do believe there may be some elements which are not fully covered and perhaps are lost in translation given the historical context and the huge challenge in the comprehensive transformation of literature The original texts I can only imagine is a real work of written art crafted with accuracy fluidity honesty and respect all the while spiritually connected with the divine creator of all Akaal Purakh God The Guru says to Aurangzeb in verses 82 But if you still disregardYour falsehood and your lies You too will be forgotten by God Be ever guilty in His eyes A statement which condemns Aurangzeb s evil actions carried out deceivingly against Guru Gobind Singh Later in verse 90 Aurungzeb has been praised for his wisdom and bravery You are handsome and clever And steeped in wisdom Chief among the chiefs Lord of this kingdomPraising his bravery and actions however then highlights his spiritual connection to the creator of all the eternal one God Every verse in the letter shares such a powerful message written in pure excellence and creativity a true unparalleled beauty executed here by Guru Gobind Singh Ji As Aurungzeb had received the Zafarnama he was very touched and taken back by the poetic genius expressed and therefore instructed his governors to send a word of admiration to the Guru It was from this point until his death he did not bother the Guru ever again Overall this written literature is an absolute work of art which displays the Gurus unprecedented warrior spirit and expresses his spiritual philosophy of self belief as he declared that he would create such a Panth communitysociety which would challenge the tyrant rulers in every walk of life to restore justice euality and peace for all of mankind A very important chapter in the history of the Sikhs Guru Gobind Singh Ji created the Khalsa Sikh Warriors and abolished the caste system A gentleman of great courage in the face of danger especially in battle A true scholar and connoisseur Ultimately a real saint soldier More importantly he took a downtrodden and browbeaten community and turned them into lions My words are far very far beyond any real reflection of such greatness which the Guru holds The final and ending verse 111 for the closing of my review to which I feel displays the position of a true saintly warrior A thousand plots of the enemy Full of treachery and fraud They cannot harm a single hair Of the one protected by God J Singh

CHARACTERS È MZINES.CO.UK ✓ Guru Gobind Singh

Written in exuisite Persian verse the 'Zafarnama' or 'Epistle of Victory' was a defiant message composed by Guru Gobind Singh the. When all has been tried yetJustice is not in sightIt is then right to pick up the swordIt is then right to fight THE MILIEUThe Sikh community led by Guru Gobind Singh 1666 1708 was faced with a double whammy On one hand they braced denunciations of Hindu leaders for their program that challenged caste based social order and rejected blind ritualism and idolatry as it was practiced at that time This conflict often turned violent as Sikhs became organised as a distinct socio religious group with a fighting capacity to defend their stronghold of Anandpur against sporadic attacks from the neigbouring hill rajahs On the other hand although it seems that Sikhs did not challenge the security of the state the reigning Emperor Aurangzeb nevertheless felt threatened by their martial prowess egged on by rajahs and maharajas that saw the Sikhs as enemies of their religion The Mughal Sikh relations had been poisoned before when Aurangzeb then new to the throne beheaded Guru Tegh Bahadur the father of Guru Gobind for inter alia siding with Prince Dara Shikoh in the wars of successionThings came to a head with the siege of Sikh stronghold Anandpur in 1704 When supplies bled out Guru Gobind Singh received a message from the Emperor in the form of an oath sworn on the uran promising him safe passage along with his family if he surrendered peacefully The Guru faced with the impending starvation of his community agreed But the promise was broken they were attacked as they left the precincts of the residential complex and in the pitched battles over a few days four of Guru s sons were killed his mother died of shock and many relatives and devotees were put to sword The Guru however escaped to safety A year later he received a conciliatory message from Aurangzeb inviting him to put an end to hostilities in return for security and friendship The Guru replied with a poem that was to stand testament to his unbending will and indomitable spiritTHE POEM Under the shower of bullets and arrowsSo numerous were the deadThat like the poppy flowerThe earth itself turned red For a man who suffered a great personal tragedy to show such euanimity and phlegm as evinced in the poem is as remarkable as it is moving There is a strong sense of a person who s been wronged deceived and oppressed yet there is not a scintilla of self pity in his lines or bitterness towards his enemy From the poem emerges an image of a man of high values who is willing to sacrifice everything to protect his people and principles But The Guru does not mince words he indicts the Emperor for his atrocities and declares his complete mistrust of everything that comes out of the Emperor s mouth I have no faith at all In the oath that you swear That the God Who is One Your witness does bear and later In your false oath on the uran Had I not believed My brave army wouldn t be crippled Nor in such manner deceivedThe poem begins with twelve verses in praise of God that serve as a customary preface to long narrative poems in the Persian poetry tradition From verse 13 onwards it proceeds to give a brief account of the battle in which despite being outnumbered the Sikhs led by him displayed great valour and destroyed the enemy lines before being eventually subdued He sees victory of spirit and sacrifice in the defeat and affirms that the real victory is to stand true to one s principles Then in the later part of the poem Guru Gobind Singh turns the tables when instead of asking for clemency as the Emperor being the centre of power might have expected offers to forgive the Emperor if he repents Come so that we can meet And talk face to face I can show you forgiveness And grant you my grace preceded by an ironical verse which should shame the Emperor for what his men had done to the Guru in the siege of Anandpur There is no danger to you here No one will raise a hand This community of Bairars Is under my commandThis brilliant ironical vein continues in the subseuent couplets After criticising Aurangzeb s subterfuge his oppressive policies his claims to piety and justice Guru Gobind begins praising the talents and virtues of Aurangzeb This is to achieve two purposes One to make Aurangzeb realise how far he has strayed from the ideal he professes and second in Persian poetic tradition if high praise follows severe criticism it is done to shame the addressed to show him the proverbial mirror The Guru says to Aurangzeb You are handsome and clever And steeped in wisdom Chief among the chiefs Lord of this kingdom And two couplets later Blessed by looks and beauty Good conscience and high mind And of land and wealth A giver merciful and kind In between there is a prescient message that condemns Aurangzeb forever But if you still disregardYour falsehood and your liesYou too will be forgotten by GodBe ever guilty in His eyesAurangzeb was so moved by the brave and beautiful Zafarnama that he instructed his governors to send a word of respect to the Guru Aurangzeb till he died did not bother him againThe poem is a gem of Persian poetry and stands witness to Guru Gobind s literary genius At the same time it showcases his fearless spirit and lays down his philosophy of self belief and spiritual strength with which to fight tyranny and oppression even when odds are stacked against you A thousand plots of the enemyFull of treachery and fraudThey cannot harm a single hairOf the one protected by God NOTE ON TRANSLATION Zafarnama or Epistle of Victory is written in the form of masnavi and comprises 111 couplets in short metre The Persian poem employs high vocabulary and beautiful compound phrases brought to perfection with the musicality of the rhymed endings A translation should aim to convey the style and diction of the original but in this instance the translator has opted to replicate the rhyming scheme in alternating lines in four line stanzas which has watered down to a great extent the effect of the original I d have preferred a freer translation that conveyed the diction of the original instead of getting jammed into simple English rhymes that often read like the work of a novice rhymester There is a translation by Christopher Shackle but I have yet to read it There are other prose translations if the purpose is just to understand the textSince most readers of this book will understand only English I am rating the translation It gets 25 stars which I have rounded to three However I give additional star for the actual Persian text Thanks Waheguru it s a dual language edition I could understand uite a bit despite my fledgling Persian reading skills Bairars refers to the Brars Jats of Malwa who were under Guru Gobind s allegiance The Guru uips that his men are in his control unlike Aurangzeb s whose generals and governors are out of the emperor s controlApril 2015